<form id="xbbzl"></form>

        <address id="xbbzl"><nobr id="xbbzl"><meter id="xbbzl"></meter></nobr></address>

          <em id="xbbzl"><form id="xbbzl"></form></em>

              <form id="xbbzl"></form>
              <form id="xbbzl"></form>

                古人何時發明的金額大寫

                時間: 2014-07-17 16:28    來源:人民網         點擊:
                原文標題:中國古人金額大寫這一發明究竟始于何時?

                “壹貳叁肆伍陸柒捌玖拾”的數字大寫是10個“小寫數字”的同音別字,中國古人發明的金額大寫,成為防范篡改數字進行經濟犯罪的有效措施。那么,大寫數字究竟是誰發明的呢?金額大寫始于何時?

                在朱元璋執政的明朝初年,史書記載有四大案件轟動一時,其中的“郭桓重大貪污案”更是震驚朝野。郭桓曾擔任戶部侍郎,任職期間,他利用職權勾結地方官吏,其作案的招數就是利用空白賬冊大做假賬,通過篡改數字大肆侵吞錢糧,其貪污的數量累計達兩千四百萬石精糧,這個數字差不多與當時全國秋糧的實征總數相等。案件涉及的朝廷高官達12名、6個部的大小官員和全國許多地方官僚地主牽連其中。

                朱元璋對“郭桓貪污案”大為震怒,親自下令將郭桓等同案犯數萬人斬首示眾。為反貪樹廉,朱元璋還制定了嚴格的懲治經濟犯罪的法令,在全國財務管理上實行了一系列有效措施,其中最重要的一條就是把記載錢糧數字的漢字“一二三四五六七八九十百千”,改為難以涂改的大寫“壹貳叁肆伍陸柒捌玖拾佰仟”。因此,有人認為中國歷史上金額數字大寫的首創者應為朱元璋。

                然而,也有人認為金額數字大寫早在明太祖朱元璋之前就已經被廣泛使用,明末清初考據家顧炎武的考證即可作為印證。顧炎武在《金石文字記·岱岳觀造像記》中曾推斷:“凡數字作壹、貳、叁、肆、伍、陸、柒、捌、玖等,皆武后所改及自制字。”顧炎武認為,武則天除了發明了“曌”等很多“自制字”,數字大寫也是她首創的。因為武則天時期所立的石碑,上面多有大寫數字。此外,那一時期的詩文中也常見大寫數字,如白居易的宋版《白氏長慶集》中《論行營狀請勒魏博等四道兵馬卻守本界事》有這樣的記述:“況其軍一月之費,計實錢貳拾漆(柒)捌萬貫。”由此可見,武則天的大寫數字比朱元璋早了近700年,距今已有1300多年。到了宋代,朝廷的官府文書所用計數數字都得用大寫。據宋代學者程大昌《演繁露·十數改用畫字》一書中記載:“今官府文書凡計其數,皆取聲同而畫多者改用之。于是壹、貳、叁、肆之類,本皆非數,直是取同聲之字,借以為用,貴點畫多不可改換為奸耳。”

                其實,中國歷史上的數字大寫可以追溯到更早的漢晉時期。《西游記》中有一段故事,講的是唐太宗李世民病危,奄奄一息。大臣魏徵知他的魂魄已到陰間,便托陰間舊友判官崔玨設法營救。當崔判官翻閱生死簿時,見到唐太宗的死期是貞觀一十三年,就將一十三年的“一”上添加了二畫,篡改成三十三年。后來閻王見生死簿上唐太宗名下還有二十年陽壽,便讓李世民返本還陽了。小說雖為虛構,但也說明了有些數字確實存在容易篡改的缺陷。因此,自西漢起大寫數字已開始流行。上世紀五十年代,在新疆阿斯塔那墓出土的《唐麟德元年(公元664年)西州高昌縣里正史玄政納當年官貸小子抄》中就曾記載:“崇化鄉里正史玄政納麟德元年官貸小子貳斗,其年十二月叁拾日。”意思是說,麟德元年十二月三十日,崇化鄉里正史玄政向倉史交納了貳斗官貸小麥利息。在《高昌延昌二十七年(公元587年)六月兵部條列買馬用錢頭數奏行文書》也有“都合買馬壹匹,用銀錢肆拾伍文”的大寫數字出現。這些大寫數字盡管是“偶有發現”,卻足以說明武則天之前的東晉時期人們已開始在券契中使用大寫數字。

                作為“小寫數字”的同音別字,古人發明的“大寫數字”原本另有其意。比如,壹為專一;貳為變節;叁是“參”的另一種寫法,表示加入;肆的本意為任意妄為;伍在古代有“五人為伍”之說;陸原意是指高出水面的而地勢平坦的土地;柒是漆樹或漆料;捌為聚攏谷物的沒有齒的耙;玖是黑色的美石;拾則為撿。

                毋庸置疑,數字大寫其實是古人長期的生產和生活實踐中智慧的結晶,武則天只是承襲了民間的寫法,并使大寫數字得到了普及,朱元璋則是出于防范經濟犯罪的考慮,在全國范圍內大規模強制實施完整的數字大寫規定,使金額大寫得到了進一步的完善和規范。

                (凌光明)


                數據統計中!!


                注:本站上發表的所有內容,均為原作者的觀點,不代表浩學歷史網的立場,也不代表浩學歷史網的價值判斷。

                歷史人物

                更多>>

                • 樂遜

                  中國國學網...

                • 和熹鄧皇后

                  和熹鄧皇后 -------------------------------------------------...

                • 明宗

                  歷史 (1329.1-1329.8)在位,在位8月明宗,名和世,元武宗長子。...

                • 商紂

                  商紂王(商紂)子壽 在位52年 商紂,姓子名辛,一名受,古音受,紂...

                • 李白

                  李白 (701762年),漢族,字太白,號青蓮居士,四川江油人,唐代...

                分分十一选五 www.258029.com | www.68365e.com | 20188w.com | www.yh7601.com | www.qucp2.com | 9949j.com | www.679950.com | 9158ba.com | www.mk926.com | www.330871.com | www.vns8893.com | www.hg09a.com | 3788gg.com | www.71071y.com | hg8355.com | www.2020zsm.com | www.938901.com | 4131.vip | www.16065o.com | 8037j.com | www.673888q.com | 8827ll.com | www.97567.com | www.316530.com | www.v3305.com | www.hld33.com | 588-2.cc | www.369888a.com | 6220v.com | www.29czj.com | 6hcc66.com | www.500cd.com | 28758k.com | www.909938.com | www.96386c.com | 8381m.com | www.bet73d.com | 3344000.com | www.js1045.com | nn500m.com | www.caim4.com | www.0088hg5.com | www.314611.com | www.87680b.com | www.617787.com | www.9068ii.com | www.638807.com | www.j854.com | www.650317.com | www.4763228.com | www.811756.com | www.zb0210.com | www.c5128.com | www.xpj9999.cc | www.906511.com | www.baifu42.com | yh55444.com | www.296233.com | www.zs4444.com | www.330716.com | www.09569a.com | www.186327.com | www.765543.com | pp67890.com | www.c6091.com | www.3688mhd.com | 3225o.com | www.js353535.com | kkk5657.com | www.hg0297.com | yh88133.vip | www.76520j.com | 35441444.com | www.554363.com | www.tyc112.com | 883399m.com | www.l5503.com | dzhcp7.com | www.55755.com | 4022pp.com | www.60108w.com | www.68666w.com | www.770960.com | www.25288f.com | 8988a.com | www.66.42.42.157 | 6118p.com | www.9994331.com | 8036ll.com | www.775740.com | www.163888ll.com | 20188m.com | www.596677.com | 500000914.com | www.927310.com | www.y1818.cc | bb5360.com | www.55676u.com | u2306.com | www.709337.com | www.t45688.com | 702240.com | 48286666.com | www.2109q.com | www.a2a444.cc | 29918k.com | www.4963ff.com | s86226.com | www.5xci.com | www.vns7525.com | 69990m.com | www.jsc2020.com | www.tbb005.com | 48330N.com | www.7415dd.com | 552325.com | 243d1.com | www.748767.com | www.222144.com | 2643i.com | feicai00886.com | 85698a.com | w5050w.com | 463393.com | 55797h.com | 7726018.com | 9068ee.com | dzc111.com | vns8049.com | 9646w.com | 641.com | 98955v.com | jbb49.cc | blr8844.com | alpk44.com | 6082.com | 07589.com | 5856ooo.com | 3568vv.com | 88894u.com | dzc03.com | jbb75.cc | 78110055.com | www.bet36579.com | www.tyc923.com | www.152336.com | www.hg0189.com | www.39666.com | www.ylg7777.com | www.cp08.com | www.sb5509.com | www.635032.com | www.6880.com | www.07163i.com | www.54400k.com | www.slyl1.com | www.am1115.com | www.684244.com | www.343552.com | www.040419.com | 212300.com | 59889j.com | 6002b.com | 0805o.com | 3890n.com | 35bb.vip | 7703.com | www.2211sb.com | www.hg4748.com | www.z3285.com | www.rgcp.vip | www.0088hgcc.com | www.44447375.com | www.gy11.com | 112j.net | gg1331.com | 3640.vip | feicai0482.com | www.6666wnsr.com | www.561pj.com | www.cp0028.com | www.pj848.com | www.731651.com | www.15199.cc | www.338061.com | bckpcqz.cn | 61772222.com | d2146.com | youle307.com | www.6178056.com | www.56774.com | www.00778l.com | www.410063.com | www.99jtb.com | www.328229.com | zz4066.com | 6003822.com | 55331.com | www.pj550099.com | www.53322888.com | www.1754z.com | www.208339.com | www.938906.com | 69448811.com | 8901.com | 3844.am | www.h7788q.com | www.111ee9.com | www.i063801.com | www.77802n.com | www.530629.com | 1213www.com | 7555i.com | 3424d.com | www.92msc.com | www.b35bb.com | www.151019.com | www.399957.com | 32126i.net | 4461e.com | www.js06123.com | www.668cp77.com | www.yun870.com | www.641077.com | 1213ggg.com | 01885e.com | www.558js.com | www.69jsjs.com | www.80767n.com | www.383897.com | bx394.com | 8036p.com | www.amhg002.com | www.t69096.com | www.16878y.com | www.43131b.com | 3222y.cc | www.yh77706.com | www.1156oo.com | www.954321n.com | www.544095.com | 1775r.com | 5804n.com | www.33166.com | www.33678ss.com | www.788572.com | bet36510000.com | 2359.com | www.432kj.com | www.1764o.com | www.611306.com | 3559pppp.com | www.200448.com | www.94099.com | www.153280.com | www.89894b.com | 9679l.com | www.9976755.com | www.n69096.com | www.824980.com | 5369b.com | www.68666k.com | www.sj52088.com | www.35918q.com | 8790z.com | 2jsbbb.com | www.56754.com | www.290201.com | 105boo.com | wqdqm.com | www.1443b.com | www.614377.com | www.81520o.com | 01234ttt.com | www.31567.ag | www.js00868.com | 97297o.com | 08159h.com | www.hg6556.com | www.580786.com | hr1222.com | 50067z.com | www.ks600.net | www.50052s.com | 1869.com | www.wnsr828.com | www.369404.com | www.403289.com | 86611a.com | www.jp328.com | www.3978c.com | mgm3242t.com | j1503.com | www.b35bb.com | www.351871.com | z40033.com | www.yao626.com | www.26299h.com | 47479.com | www.7720d.com | www.8c333.com | www.50052u.com | bet577n.com | www.523c51.com | www.ch8966.com | 22nn145.com | www.msc835.com | www.50732q.com | 4023x.com | www.777444k.com | www.6482v.com | hg77704.com | www.791xj.com | www.07679n.com | tt6831.com | 2506i.com | www.282654.com | www.76520v.com | 2589.com | www.6687o.com | 44dd8331.com | www.1869w.com | www.535083.com | 500000593.com | www.445884215.com | www.m94600.com | 88894x.com | www.882236f.com | www.110252.com | 500000418.com | www.yh66605.com | www.1764j.com | 2324ppp.com | www.lbgj.com | www.983439.com | 2998v.com | www.9988619.com | www.022hn.cc | dh01885.com | www.7415hh.com | www.051069.com | vn13588.me | www.pj55713.com | 3568qq.com | www.4972ss.com | www.35918l.com | df8ff.com | www.97cp456.com | www.544092.com | u2306.com | www.44118m.com | 1119420.com | www.0151u.com | www.df76.com | 8290t.com | www.0088hgdd.com | feicai0439.com | www.sun0003.com | www.828916.com | j99345.am | www.dd00668.com | swtykkk.com | www.3170005.com | www.807979.com | 11002229.com | www.kj222888.com | fa8888.com | www.2945c.com | www.87668o.com | www.yh8005.com | www.73166l.com | 3726r.com | www.116668.net | 6261c.com | www.lgf08.com | www.689826.com | b2554.com | www.ya2019m.com | 4340r.com | www.55070y.com | 767365.com | www.078tk.com | www.178739.com | www.817558.com | www.2875i.com | 00jj8332.com | www.984704.com | 0123.com | www.377666z.com | 44559193.com | www.ss55826.com | 3379.com | www.932222.com | 8381k.com | www.7779193.com | www.607252.com | www.dfs994.com | www.5623c.com | 61999ww.com | www.68993229.com | 20779955.com | www.48330d.com | 4488qq.com | www.733484.com | 9420n.com | www.89599j.com | 444000kkk.com | www.20199xx.com | 656992.com | www.aa56108.com | n444000.com | www.321329.com | 49114.com | www.299755k.com | www.90848a.com | www.1770500.com | www.103635.com | www.js08004.com | www.127179.com | www.0860h.com | www.106573.com | www.0241mmm.com | www.015689.com | www.742622.vip | 54141122.com | www.10340.com | 33886556.com | www.3846u.com | 08159q.com | www.58118h.com | w88984.com | www.1754o.com | 50067h.com | www.vns44.me | 73055b.com | www.hg6767c.com | 99151g.com | www.8999ka.com | www.56733d.com | www.712012.com | www.9996aa.com | www.96386i.com | www.ok49.com | mm5144.com | www.55060e.com | 88905050.com | www.hg8889.tw | e2894.com | www.c4527.com | www.1000suncity.com | www.321953.com | www.o5448.com | 88807o.com | www.4446ccc.com | 7501122.com | www.878777.cc | 61610524.com | www.901572.com | www.2061368.com | 6868-a.cc | www.cr677.com | 01234r.com | www.5958818.com | vns5.vip | www.652851.com | www.015456.com | 5906FF.com | www.9997058.com | 49964.com | www.9205b.com | www.77vn777.cc | 11018l.com | www.1168m.com | 9679l.com | www.66332d.com | www.v0030.com | bo9.vip | www.50999v.com | 4488qqq.com | www.16878c.com | www.3729.com | 243d3.com | www.35700a.com | 496ll.com | www.hx7766.com | www.32666v.com | 01234mmm.com | www.r999991.com | 9949o.com | www.599439.com | www.003113.com | 895230.com | www.83993p.com | www.3657a.com | nf6655.com | www.99552nn.com | 3009z.com | www.372779.com | www.hrtsh.com | 7003n.com | www.1368b.cc | www.vnsr33888.com | 78110077.com | www.4323a.com | www.bet365789.com | long2268.com | www.234.pw | www.jh829.com | 4631122.com | www.4156.com | bst979.com | 7893005.com | www.33678hh.com | le888a.com | 48455.com | www.xj7004.com | 83086p.com | 2381mmm.com | www.60886v.com | 320007.com | hr915.com | www.flb901.com | www.a8a8890.com | 2728.com | www.954321m.com | www.h7788e.com | 59599a.com | www.50080m.com | www.83008j.com | 55ee8331.com | www.sxyl7.com | www.dafabetedfa95.com | sha165.com | www.511647.com | www.8887hj.com | 55899j.com | 336v.com | www.37377z.com | www.7025t.com | 4165w.com | www.2632j.com | www.yh111888.com | sha165.com | www.175901.com | www.33678ff.com | www.5000bjl.com | 933620.com | www.16878y.com | www.zzz888.com | 2618z.com | www.202439.com | www.99552jj.com | www.k32126.cc | 9679o.com | www.c6167.com | www.9cai.com | 88740b.com | 3550c.com | www.35733.com | www.555305.com | 33432h.com | 4630022.com | www.96386y.com | www.fcd666.com | 2142233.com | 6830d.com | www.16878o.com | www.922646.com | 67877.com | 44225156.com | www.35155d.com | www.cp08.com | 8290d.com | 58955.com | www.qbwc2.com | www.16181x.com | www.97727.com | 9895v.com | www.585808.com | www.2807777.com | www.wnsr999.com | aobo74.com | 563452.com | www.4798.cc | www.c1121.com | w2306.com | 2306i.com | www.826552.com | www.73990d.com | www.cai73cc.com | 4018ff.com | 76543k.com | www.89338.com | www.936741.com | www.bg999111.com | 4025o.com | 9789886.com | www.60108z.com | www.983098.com | www.jh839.com | 28288s.com | 99567r.com | www.68689s.com | www.caipiao88d.com | www.7435i.com | rr444000.com | 80850bb.com | www.87467.com | www.44vn777.com | www.p22365.com | pjqinghai.com | yabobbs.com | www.859509.com | www.56011m.com | www.4887555.com | 7935y.com | c72555.com | y9293.com | www.2632e.com | www.4546800.com | www.78114422.com | 4116g.com | ss01234.com | xifuny.com | www.h679.com | www.vns118.me | www.090051.com | www.0223889.com | f86226.com | 1665e.com | www.426060.com | www.86267j.com | www.89677r.com | www.81855.com | lehu808.com | 4590ii.com | 33313q.com | www.506972.com | www.81678q.com | www.80188d.com | www.hg6688.com | www.11aicai.com | 4036.com | n888101.com | 93936b.com | www.820933.com | www.86333.com | www.3066ss.com | www.27177c.com | 670.cc | hjdc43.com | 7xh.vip | 55899h.com | www.576411.com | www.66652n.com | www.77789yh.com | www.zte555.com | www.2833555.com | 71245.com | 77606h.com | 996622cc.com | f61653.com | www.558421.com | www.9149n.com | www.785409.com | www.9737aa.com | www.392066.com | www.4938w.com | 444789.com | 26668r.com | 3568z.com | 7894.cc | 656456.com | www.202437.com | www.hx1111.com | www.xhg338.Com | www.86339n.com | www.89599t.com | www.vic040.com | www.pj7058.com | www.vns9981.com | 28487000.com | swin3.com | 7002004.com | p61653.com | 1669.com | t000c.com | www.210927.com | www.822138.com | www.2934b.com | www.sx139973.com | www.688sb.21.sb | www.282654.com | www.tyc723.com | www.567137.com | www.am4444.com | www.09569x.com | www.hg5958.com | zhcp62.com | 80850x.com | s5429.com | mm3336.com | 0485e.com | 11005003.com | 11939.com | 3788dd.com | 68228j.com | 89892qq.com | www.178319.com | www.507281.com | www.rcw8855.com | www.ascp0.com | www.2373a.com | www.34489.cc | www.34788k.com | www.68568b.com | www.tyc44222.com | www.6939x.com | www.81608r.com | www.14341434.com | www.52062d.com | www.418587.com | www.e2894.com | www.9895f.com | www.2544g6.com | www.8080999j.com | www.1754q.com | www.91779q.com | www.91779u.com | www.4521p.com | www.5508598.com | www.87708a.com | www.730016.com | www.861002.com | www.xpj11005.com | www.57366b.com | www.299770.com | www.7140588.com | www.79707.com | www.2418n.com | www.4923x.com | www.83993w.com | www.65707s.com | www.7793t.com | www.lyc55.com | www.954688.com | www.817824.com | www.565753.com | www.312012.com | www.50024u.com | 08530002.com | 346892.com | 6699vn77.com | 3614k.com | 11005n.com | 23456.cc | 3522cc.com | 2418m.com | a05677.com | www.9374q.com | www.00618t.com | www.yh00bet.com | www.90903.com | www.55526p.com | www.9737yy.com | www.44118u.com | www.6678686.com | www.97655t.com | www.2934z.com | www.937160.com | www.504833.com | v1973.com | 1592w.com | 808988g.com | 3405xxx.com | 62222u.com | 87680n.com | www.56520h.com | www.byc06.com | www.lfcp096.com | www.57800m.com | www.1764n.com | www.99677s.com | www.gai57.com | www.578393.com | es999.net | 74399999.com | 51133eee.com | www.0270g.com | www.win1232.com | www.73031.cc | www.771645.com | 7605j.com | 1144589.com | 009900s.com | www.vn696.com | www.44992055.com | www.177572.com | www.32678.cc | www.3333bj.com | www.5095c.com | www.543122.com | 73999r.com | 9101908.com | 2078t.com | www.yh40.net | www.882618.com | www.rgcp15.com | www.52062r.com | www.26299.com | www.506237.com | 5855vv.com | 78886508.com | 4023n.com | www.7025c.com | www.j9478.com | www.38775ii.com | www.52001.cc | www.357607.com | 8159z.cc | 4036hh.com | 88119193.com | www.vn95500.com | www.4136l.com | www.6126.com | www.576120.com | 5651q.com | 3846o.com | www.wn68.com | www.6666zx.com | www.40288a.com | www.3933w.cc | haianw.com | ambjl.cc | 5443jj.com | www.hg1322.com | www.44mgm777.com | www.77801l.com | www.332790.com | 01885.com | 686.org | www.7620679.com | www.s456x.com | www.4331a.com | www.607212.com | 40420099.com | 85698w.com | www.pj88222.com | www.0590777.com | www.96386n.com | www.290252.com | ddd4255.com | 500000736.com | www.xpj654.com | www.t3410.com | www.8113.cc | 112j.net | 4955z.com | www.pj5722.com | www.dzcp6666.com | www.85144aa.com | www.397730.com | qqq4165.com | 6245o.com | www.kj853.com | www.7340111.com | www.610659.com | 30009.com | 081792.com | www.443887.com | www.7728229.com | www.293399.com | 81207.com | 59599x.com | www.a81h.cc | www.65707n.com | x59.com | 86611v.com | www.2078e.com | www.js79902.com | www.976550.com | 6667009.com | 9949o.com | www.js807.com | www.8656.cc | zbouyang.cn | 507224.com | www.358888f.com | www.8855gvb.com | www.399049.com | 80036.com | www.hg0112.com | www.35252f.com | www.841879.com | 30019ee.com | www.65533d.com | www.7415g.com | www.hc8878.com | 69111o.com | 2338tz.com | www.50999.com | www.ya308.com | 1389b.com | www.dz655.com | www.673888x.com | www.848566.com | 6396x.com | www.76543j.com | www.js89h.vip | www.330295.com | 7002004.com | www.hg3385.com | www.37377c.com | 73055.cc | 71017g.com | www.5966qqq.com | www.3478a.cc | bet36510000.com | www.pu1678.com | www.91779c.com | www.376517.com | m4255.com | www.9k365.com | www.12455hh.com | 01234vv.com | 2682hd.com | www.00778y.com | www.444215.com | 8159ggg.cc | www.hg3875.com | www.43818c.com | 38345r.com | www.56733l.com | www.792050.com | www.195237.com | wnsr8829.com | www.ag8820.com | www.gocp5.com | 0193377.com | www.11227136.com | www.606117.com | 01234ww.com | www.ylhg5858.com | www.883399d.com | 888.WF | 649445.com | www.biying970vip.com | www.393121.com | 8449dd.com | www.138908.com | www.858399.com | 30688y.com | www.pj79777.com | www.c9331.com | 3559z.com | www.833622.com | www.qbwc1.com | rrr5701.com | www.466799.com | www.can80.com | ooo67890.com | www.hg8903.com | www.022n.cc | 23300g.com | www.4887555.com | www.flcb3.com | 4488qqq.com | www.0816msc.com | www.704126.com | 36406666.com | www.5966mmm.com | www.561502.com | 76886d.com | www.26123bb.com | www.51515u.com | 224sun.com | www.83066.com | 025647.com | www.yh5099.com | www.8d868.com | 788.cc | www.015456.com | www.flcb2.com | 50025522.com | www.dd55826.com | www.001562.com | 3344vn77.com | www.686727.com | 86811c.com | www.1340o.com | www.11csj.com | z4389.com | www.89599w.com | 18775g.com | www.jinsha300.com | www.288963.com | 22207f.com | www.4646123.com | www.690776.com | 2349012.com | www.xj6008.com | s00351.com | www.3868218.com | www.yfa3.com | 61325522.com | www.4521f.com | 70www.net | www.w8586.com | www.c5823.com | 33382cc.com | www.91779t.com | 7894n.com | www.15b19.net | www.862803.com | 80850jj.com | www.78680c.com | 1294c.com | www.7060.cabet186.com | www.314077.com | www.058hx.com | www.78949d.com | 3467f.com | www.bet63i.com | 9498.us | www.0wdgj.com | www.504077.com | 670.cc | www.35155h.com | 62222s.com | www.hhh2848.com | pj8dd.com | www.528580.com | www.068639.com | www.3888bet.com | www.5688y.cc | pt777.ph | www.98xpj98.com | t2554.com | www.533163.com | feicai0471.com | www.hg6607.com | www.609715.com | 88850xx.com | www.21202p.com | 6150m.com | www.7240z.com | 3950wcom | www.bwin920.co | 7346611.com | www.662889.com | dahongying.com | www.00hg444.com | www.341011.com | www.333222z.com | www.w603.com | LXYL351.com | www.65707z.com | ggg7570.com | www.6889797.com | 1915.com | www.792086.com | bwinfff.com | www.10999p.com | 138.am | www.97060h.com | 80567m.com | www.19991m.com | 35.vip | www.854569.com | 81511d.com | www.tk355.com | 1916q.com | www.hg474.com | 5360jj.com | www.331333.com | 866666c.com | www.363123.com | yh888n.com | www.lpj2222.com | 3245v.com |